The Bolognese Apennines are part of the larger Tuscan-Emilian Apennines.
To the north they border the Po Valley, touching the city of Bologna and in the south they border the Tuscan provinces of Florence, Prato and Pistoia. To the east and west one can respectively find the Apennines of Imola and Modena.
The natural landscape of the Apennines with its diversity of rocks and climate, is very different from that of the Alps. The Apennines have a uniform look: typically peaks appear rounded and the two sides of the slope fall away gently, with forests of oak and chestnut, fir and beech, pastures and fields of flowers.
The valleys are often inaccessible, because many regions are subject to mud and land slides.
Indeed, given the predominance of clay soil in this area and also due to past deforestation, the surface water is most destructive: digging furrows, making large areas of land uninhabitable and causing the sliding of entire slopes.
This area is also characterised by its infrastructure network (Highways, railways, historical roads) that connects it to the other major Italian cities of art (Florence, Rome, Bologna, Ferrara, Venice, Milan).